Indian’s at some point contribute to every field whether it is in technology, Medical, Space, and others. During this Corona Pandemic Situation, everyone is working from home and contributing to society. But in this pandemic scientists are working to create new inventions and discoveries. An Indian origin Scientist Dr. Amruta Gadge created the fifth state of matter i.e. Bose-Einstein Condensation by working at home.
What is Bose-Einstein Condensation?
Basically, the Bose-Einstein Condensation is the fifth state of matter. The other states of matter are Solid, Liquid, Gas, and Plasma. All the other states of matter can be achieved easily but this fifth state of matter is very hard to get. Scientists are working to achieve this fifth state but unable to do so. A Bose-Einstein condensation is a fifth state of matter which can be achieved when a gas of bosons at low densities is cooled to the temperature which is close to the absolute zero.
How Does Dr. Amruta Gadge Achieve This State?
Due to the Corona Pandemic, she was working from the home but she can remotely access the lab equipment. For remote access, she used a computer to control the laser and radio waves. According to her predictions, she put the Radio Frequency to 0.92 MHz and the temperature was 650nK(nano Kelvin). This temperature is very cold. If you want to understand this then the temperature is billion times colder than what we call it freezing. On behalf of this experiment, the professor of the University of Sussex said “We believe this may be the first time that someone has established a BEC remotely in a lab that didn’t have one before”.
The Professor also said that they will continue the experiment until the lockdown is over. According to Dr. Amrutha Gadge, the research team was accessing the lab equipment remotely and working to find the fifth state. The process of observing the experiment from home is not a difficult task in comparison to doing it manually inside the Lab. The reason behind that was it takes 15 min cooling time to run after each trial. She also said while running a trial inside the lab the errors can be fixed easily while working inside the living room during this pandemic. The research team will find a new way to work remotely in order to get accurate results.
Future of Bose-Einstein Condensation
There are visionary application of Bose-Einstein Condensation some of them are as follows:
- High-Intensity Lasers
- Quantum Information
- Exotic Nuclear Beams
- Physics and Finance
- Particle Accelerators
- Seeing with Neutrons
- Mega Telescopes
- E- Science
- Gravity Waves
- Flat Screen Displays
- The Large Hadron Collider