Recently, the government introduce a new education policy in 2020. According to this experts this policy if implemented properly then it will change the whole education system. But there is criticism regarding the new education policy which will we discuss later on. This policy revolutionises the schools and universities in comparison to current educational policy. The New Education Policy 2020 introduces by our current prime minister Narendra Modi. This time the expenditure on education will be 6% of the country GDP. The focus of this education policy is to improve skills such as the analytical, critical thinking and conceptual clarity.
Now let us know about the brief history of the previous education system. The first education policy comes into the picture in 1968. After that, in 1986 a new education policy introduces. After some years the changes are done in the previous policies like introducing the 10+2 system in 1992. From that period of time until we are pursuing education until now. Now the government pass the new policy and the target to implement the policy all over the country is 2022-23.
What is the New Education Policy 2020?
In previous policies, you will see that hierarchy of education is the most important factor. Students feel the burden of studies on their mind due to which they lack problem-solving skills, creative thinking and creates anxiety. This new policy is made in such a way that there will be no burden. There is a streamlined structure in order to develop skills such as critical thinking and analysing the problem. Now let’s get to the point and know more about the 5+3+3+4 system.
In order to understand the education policy and changes done in it let us divide it into different parts.
- School Education
- Higher Education
- Implementation of this policy
How the education policy change the schooling system?
The previous policy consists of 10+2 system. In this after the high school, the student has to opt for one stream whether science, commerce or humanities. But in the new policy, the whole system is changed. Let’s come into the grassroots level and where one has to nurture the kids. The schooling system is divided into four stages.
- Foundation Stage
This is the most important stage where there is growth and development of kids takes place. The foundation stage comprises of 5 years. Pre-primary school for the duration of three years of the age group from 3 to 6 years. After that two years of classes for 1 and 2 of the age group 6 to 8 years.
- Preparatory stage
This stage comprises of three years for the kids studying in class 3 to 5. The age group of the kids lies in the range of 8 to 11 years.
- Middle School
For the age group from 11 to 14 years who are studying in class 6 to 8. Here the main focus is to develop skills like creativity, problem-solving and Analytical thinking.
- Secondary Stage
This stage is for the age group from 14 to 18 years who are studying in class 9 to 12. The student has the right to choose his own subjects which is the game-changer of this policy. They can choose the subjects according to their choice whether it is political, science, humanities or commerce.
Board exams will exist or not?
Definitely the board exams will be there and in order to pass high school and senior secondary school student have to opt for the exams. But the board exam will be considered at low stake. Because the primary focus is on testing the concept and knowledge application. The board exam will be held twice a year so if the student gives a bad performance in the first exam he/she can give the board exam in the same year in order to boost up his/her performance. Student can opt for any courses as per their preference. Co-curriculum and vocational subjects like sports, arts, commerce, science will be treated at the same level.
What is the Target of New Education Policy 2020?
The government sets some targets which can be achieved by new education policy some of these are:
- To achieve universal foundation literacy in primary school by 2025.
- Ensure the pupil-teacher ratio(PTR) 30:1 in each school.
- Add the high quality of resources for the teachers on DIKSHA portal.
- To achieve Gross Enrollment Ratio goals by 2035. Gross Enrollment Ratio defines the percentage of the students studying in the school. The government target to achieve 100% for secondary schools (current 56.5% for class 11 and 12). For higher education, the target is 50% (current is 26.3%). so the government want to double the percentage which is a good thing.
- The new curriculum framework for school Education (NCFSE) is expected to release in 2020-21 which will be undertaken by the NCERT.
Admissions in Higher Education
In order to pursue higher education, a Common Admission Entrance Exam (CAEE) will be conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). Through this examination, the student can apply for the admissions to the universities across the countries. The CAEE exam will be conducted twice a year so it is a good opportunity for the students if he/she does not perform well. The other higher education will be conducted in the same manner. The Higher Education Commission Of India (HECI) will be set up as a single body which excludes medical and legal education.
Hence these are some basic and most important features of the NEP 2020. For more information visit the Ministry Of Human Resource And Development.